Title: Infection, but not antibiotic use, during infancy associated with childhood obesity
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Li DK, Chen H, Ferber J, Odouli R. 2017. Infection and antibiotic use in infancy and risk of childhood obesity: a longitudinal birth cohort study. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol; 5: 18-25. The rapid rise in childhood obesity rates has become a public health crisis worldwide, with increasing importance placed on understanding the factors underlying its development. The intestinal microbiome has emerged as a key contributor to disease risks, including risk of childhood obesity. Animal studies have suggested that disturbances in microbial composition are associated with obesity. Furthermore, data from previous studies have suggested a possible association between antibiotic use in infancy and risk of childhood obesity. These studies, however, have not well separated the effects of the antibiotics from the underlying infection being treated. Accordingly, authors of this study aimed to disentangle the effect of antibiotic use in infancy from that of underlying infection on the risk of childhood obesity....
Source Citation (MLA 8 th Edition)
Tester, Jodie. "Infection, but not antibiotic use, during infancy associated with childhood obesity." Australian Journal of Herbal Medicine, vol. 29, no. 2, 2017, p. 78+. Academic OneFile, Accessed 24 Apr. 2018.

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