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National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act
Dictionary of American History. Ed. Stanley I. Kutler. Vol. 5. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2003. p561-562.
Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2003 Charles Scribner's Sons, COPYRIGHT 2006 Gale, COPYRIGHT 2007 Gale, Cengage Learning
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Page 561

NATIONAL TRAFFIC AND MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY ACT

NATIONAL TRAFFIC AND MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY ACT. Signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson on 9 September 1966, this act created the first mandatory federal safety standards for motor vehicles. Implementation authority was assigned to the Department of Commerce and, shortly thereafter, to the National Highway Safety Bureau within the newly formed Department of Transportation. The act, intended to reduce driving fatalities, reflected a growing consensus that faulty vehicles cause accidents, not (simply) faulty drivers—an approach popularized by consumer advocate Ralph Nader and his 1965 book, UNSAFE AT ANY SPEED.

After initial hesitation, the automobile industry supported the act and moderated bureau attempts to impose stringent standards. Recodified in the early 1980s, the law has undergone numerous revisions.

Page 562  |  Top of Article

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Harfst, David L., and Jerry L. Mashaw. The Struggle for Auto Safety. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1990.

Kimberly A. Hendrickson

Source Citation   (MLA 8th Edition) 
Hendrickson, Kimberly A. "National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act." Dictionary of American History, edited by Stanley I. Kutler, 3rd ed., vol. 5, Charles Scribner's Sons, 2003, pp. 561-562. Gale Virtual Reference Library, http%3A%2F%2Flink.galegroup.com%2Fapps%2Fdoc%2FCX3401802875%2FGVRL%3Fu%3Dnm_p_elportal%26sid%3DGVRL%26xid%3D12aff58b. Accessed 16 Dec. 2018.

Gale Document Number: GALE|CX3401802875

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  • Automobile industry,
    • National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act and,
      • 5: 561
  • Consumer protection,
    • National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act (1966) and,
      • 5: 561
  • Johnson, Lyndon B.,
    • and National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act (1966),
      • 5: 561
  • National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act (1966),
  • Unsafe at Any Speed (Nader),