Full Citation

  • Title Intelligence report on selected racial developments and disturbances in the U.S. Issues include: information on a racial disturbance in Orangeburg, South Carolina; arrival of the Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. in Washington, D.C. to participate in a vig
  • Classification Level Confidential
  • Imprint [United States: Federal Bureau Of Investigation, 1968]
  • Declassified Date August 13, 2002
  • Sanitization Unsanitized
  • Completeness Complete
  • Pages 5
  • Language English
  • Source Library Federal Bureau of Investigation
q UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION In Reply, Please Refer to WSIGO,DC 03 File No. February 7, 1968 4') SELECTED RACIAL DEVELOPMENTS AND DISTURBANCES DISTURBANCE, ORANGEBURG, SOUTH CAROLINA During the evening of February 6, 1968, about 40 Negroes entered the All Star Lanes, Incorporated, a bowling alley in Orangeburg, South Carolina, and after rep aated instructions by law enforcement officers at the scene, approximately 20 departed. The individuals who refused to leave were placed under arrest. About 300 Negroes had assembled outside the bowling alley and numerous catcalls, jeering, and heckling of police officers took place. Several individuals attempted to quiet the crowd while others urged the Negroes to interfere with the arresting officers. A general melee took place outside the bowling alley during which one police officer and several Negroes were injured. Police ordered the Negroes who had assemblod in the area to disperse and order was restored. The large group of Negroes,irmst of whom were students of the South Carolina State College at Orangeburg, returned to the campus; however, almost every window in stores along the route was broken with the exception of those stores which were known to be operated by Negroes., No looting was reported. At the campus of the South Carolina State college, a rally was held with about 600 Negroes present. CGNq-1P9NT-1-AL DECLASSIFIED GROUP 1 E.O. 12958, Sec. 3.6 Excluded from automaticNI0a-2c- downgrading and INARA, D ae&LJP, declass if icat ion Copy LBJ LIBRARY SELECTED RACIAL DEVELOPMENTS AND DISTURBANCES The rally ended just before midnight at which time the Chief of Police at Orangeburg received a telephone call from an individual who requested permission for a march on February 7, 1968, by about .1,400 individuals comprised of the entire student bodies of the South Carolina State College and Claflin University at Orangeburg. The march is to take place from the campus of the South Carolina State.College to downtown Orangeburg. The Chief of Police advised that permission for such a march must come from city officials and that if such permission is not granted this morning, the marching group will be confronted by local and State law enforcement officers and the South Carolina National Guard. Two units of the South Carolina National Guard were placed on alert last night. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., ARRIVES IN WASHINGTON, D. C. Martin Luther King, Jr., President of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, arrived in Washington, D. C., yesterday and participated in a vigil at Arlington National Cemetery and a meeting at a local church, both of which were sponsored by Clergy and Laymen Concerned.About Vietnam, an antiwar organization. He then met with the Executive Board of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. A source of this Bureau who has furnished reliable information in the past advised that last night Stokely Carmichael, former National Chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, a militant black nationalist organization, was among-200 people who heard King speak at a meeting sponsored by King's organization at a church in Washington, D. C. King said he wanted to help all poor black people and asked those present to assist CON -IDENTtAh -2- Copy LBJ LIBRARY SELECTED RACIAL DEVELOPMENTS AND DISTURBANCES or at least not hinder his "Washington Spring Project" demonstrations in Washington, D. C.,. in April of 1968. Carmichael had a large following in the crowd. He commented following King' s talk that any discussion that evening should be restricted to the "Washington Spring Project." Carmichael appeared.bored at the meeting. According to our source, King and Carmichael are scheduled to meet privately today. GEORGE WARE TO VISIT DAYTON AND CINCINNATI, OHIO Previous information has been developed that George Ware, a field representative of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating CommitteLe, would spend six weeks in southern Ohio organizing in that area. According to a source of this Bureau who has furnished reliable information in the past, Ware is to arrive in Dayton today but will go on to Cincinnati, Ohio, to make hotel arrangements for another person whom he inferred to be Stokely Carmichael who will arrive in Cincinnati tonight. Ware is to try to heal the rift in the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee in Cincinnati. The purpose of the other person' s visit is unknown. STOKELY CARMICHAEL Previous information received by this Bureau in the nature of a rumor. indicated that Stokely Carmichael. sold an interview to "The Saturday Evening Post" magazine for $7,500. This Bureau has now received information indicating that Stokely Carmichael and James Forman, International Director of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, had discussed with an official of "The Saturday Evening Post" an article to be written by Carmichael concerning CON rI5RNT1AL -3- Copy LBJ LIBRARY G9NF4DENT1AL SELECTED RACIAL DEVELOPMENTS AND DISTURBANCES his travel abroad. The agreed price for the article was $7,500 which was to be paid to James Forman. Technical difficulties arose and "The Saturday Evening Post" has canceled any plans to publish an article by Carmichael.. BETTER HOUSING DEMONSTRATION, WATERBURY, CONNECTICUT A source of this Bureau who has furnished reliable information in the past advised that a group of individuals from the North Square area of Waterbury, Connecticut, which is predominantly Negro, plans to stage a sit-in at city hall today demanding better housing. Our 'source stated that approximately 40 families would be. represented in the group. Subsequent information received indicates that some of the families involved in the sit-in may be prepared for a four-or five-day stay at city hall if demands are not met. DISTURBANCES AT SCHOOLS Police department spokesmen reported that school disturbances occurred yesterday at Hillhouse and Richard C. Lee High Schools, both in New Haven, Connecticut; North Division High School in Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Lanier Senior and Junior High School in Macon, Georgia; and Wendell Phillips High School in Chicago, Illinois. Fights between Negro and white students erupted at both New Haven high schools and the Macon school. Four students were arrested at Richard C. Lee High School and ten were injured, one requiring hospital attention. Thirteen students were arrested at Lanier Senior and Junior High School where several students received minor injuries. C XtF1DSNT4-Ah -4- Copy LBJ LIBRARY SELECTED RACIAL DEVELOPMENTS - AND DISTURBANCES The police controlled all of the disturbances promptly. Causes of the disturbances included demands for action by Negro students to eliminate discrimination; a protest of the lack of Negro history classes; and support of students in another school over the transfer of two teachers. -5- copy LBJ LIBRARY