Full Citation

  • Title The Stratford Jubilee. [400.]
  • Publication Title The Scots Magazine
  • Date Friday,  Sept. 1, 1769
  • Volume XXXI
  • Page Number 449
  • Place of Publication Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Language English
  • Document Type Article
  • Publication Section News
  • Source Library British Library
The Stratford Jubilee. [400.] y r Sept. 6. about "^ e in the morning, a number ? 'he performers from Drury- thr0 theatre ferenaded the t\r f °np the ftreets, beginning with t f>" f' R ' 'Let beauty with the fun a- r [48 V' l ' ien Warwickfhire fir! Pert 7 town be' n g r°ufed by 'iDk' arid f/"" 1311065 * f eve ra! guns were Put!!?' on m agiftrates aflembled about *bJj c breafefV hC P r5nci P al ftreets * A ft,. a '*. was prepared in the IWNh at nine. Mr Garrick, the c ei , e 9 fte r 3!^ e to breakfaft-room at a C e the r e '®' lt » to ' D readinefs to re- v. ey er, " m P an y; previous to which, Mavor. at th#» nf tb* Corporation, in their formalities, wait- ed upon Mr Garrick, and in a polite fpeech, delivered by the Town Clerk, presented him with a medallion of Shake- fpeare, carved on a piece of the famous Mulberry-tree, planted by the immortal Poet's own hand, and richly fet in gold. Mr Garrick, to this mark of attention, made a fuitable reply, and fattened the prefent about his neck. Soon after this the room filled. Favours were univer- fally wotn in honour of the firft Dramatic Writer, by the ladies as well as the gen- tlemen. At breakfoft:, befides other per- fons of diftindion, there were preient the Duke of Dcrfet, Lord Beauchamp, Lord Grofvenor, Lord Archer, Sir Wat- kin Williams Wynne, the Hon. Mr Con-, way, Lord Denbigh, Lord Spencer, Lord 3 L Craven, Craven, <bc. <bc. A party of drums and fifes performed feveral pieces oppofite the Town hall. From the Town-hall the company re- tired to the Church, where the Oratorio of Judith was performed, conduced by Dr Arne. This piece opened at eleven. When the Oratorio was'finifhed, Mr Gar- rick and the performers walked in pro- cellion to the Amphitheatre, Mr Vernon and the reft finging the following Chorus to an accompanyment of proper inftru- ments. This is the day, a Holiday ! a.Holiday ! Drive fpleen and rancour far away. This is the day, a Holiday ! a Holiday! Drive care and forrow far away. Here Nature nurs'd her darling boy, From whom all care and forrow fly, Whofe harp the Mufes flrung; From heart to heart let joy rebound, Now, now we tread enchanted ground, Here Shakefpeare walk'd and fung ! At three a public ordinary for ladies and gentlemen was kept in the Amphi- theatre ; where they were occafionallv entertained with fongs and catches till thev retired to drefs for the afTtmbly. The AfTembly-room is built in imita- tion of the Ratielagh Rotunda, and at Jeaft half as large, crouded with compa- ny, manv perfons of the firft diflinftion, viz. the Duke of Mancbefter, Lord North- ampton, Lord Hertford, Lord Carlifle, L?rd Shrew fbury, Lord Pigot, ire. The minuets continued till twelve o'clock, then the country-dances commenced, and about three every body retired. On Thurfday morning, breakfaft was given in the fame manner as the prece- ding day ; after which the company went to the Amphitheatre ; where the Dedica- tion-Ode ([480.3 was performed, under the dire«ftion of Dr Arne. The Recita- tive-parts were fpoken by Mr Garrick ; and perhaps, in all the characters he ever played, he never (hewed more powers, more judgement, or ever made a ftrong- er imprefiion on the minds of his auditors. He was in the front of the Orcheftra, with his fteward's rod in his hand, and his medallion about his neck ; and was drefTed in a fuit of brown, with a rich gold lace. He opened the performance with a very refpeftful bow to the compa- ny, which was returned with a clap of unanimous applaufe ; and at the end of e»ery Recitative he repeated, he fat down, and gave the finger an opportu- nity of difplaying his or her abilities. When the ode was finilhed, Mr O a rick flood up, and delivered a profe * comium on Shakefpeare, in which 1 Poet's enemies were called upon to i ,r £ whatever they could advance in °PP"-g tion to his character.— Mr King, on tn who appeared in a great coat, defired be heard.—Thofe who knew him, e . pefted fomething extremely whimfic 3 while many, who did not, teftified 1 greateft amazement at fo unexpected attack upon the firft Dramatic Poet their country. Mr King, who flood ' a direCt line to the Orcheftra, l ,aV, J 1 )g exprefled his intention of attacking 1 , reputation of Shakefpeare, went roti 11 \ and fpeedily (taking off his great came into the Orcheftra, in a fuit of ( fhionable blue, ornamented with frogs, to fupport the juftice of his all e 8 f g ti"ns. Mr King having executed his lb® of the tafk, Mr Garrick addrefled the g dies in a poetical fpeech, them on the regard they had fhewn to Shakefpeare, and exhort' them to fupport the reputation of a V°. * who was fo remarkable for the dignity of the female chara&er. ring this performance, the bench« s various parts of the amphitheatre, the prodigious preflure of the comp a ' c j, gave way; and Lord Carlifle was i* 1 " hurt by the fall of a door. At night there was a mafked ball- company was very numerous. of the meaneft fort were hired at * guineas each, Thofe, however, '' jc could not be accommodated to * . . minds, were admitted with mafks and there were many prefent even v y' J out mafXs. Among the moft (f) . charadlers in the mafquerade, Ladv broke, Mrs Bouverie, and Mrs C* e habited as Witches, excited the g e 3 attention : nor did Mifs Ladbroke. Shepherdel's, and Mils Nancy Ladb' 0 , as Dame Qjiickly, in the Merry '0( of Windfor, pafs without the appl all the company. Lord Grolvenor was I *bit» nificently drefled in an b* f g but the principal part of the nobility {t , in dominos. Mrs Yates pcrfonated 3 tit Maitre. Mr Yates, as a Wagg 0 gave much fatisfadtion ;as did a g e ° yff man from Oxford, in Lord Ogleby* ' g ]i, Bofwe'll, the celebrated friend of r(j- appeared in the drefs of an armed k- a can Chief, with piftols in his belt, a' 1 mufket on his back ;on the front , c t& cep, embroidered in gold letters, words Viva la Liberta. This n tlernan had written a poem on the Cca| >on. [488.] A perfon drefled as the Devil gave in- offence. Mrs Garrick danced a minuet in a moft tr d ceful manner, and joined in the coun- which enddd at four next which finilhed the jubilee. * he wetnefs of the weather on Friday, as Thurfday, prevented the ex- k ,t,o n of the pageant, or reprefenta- cj n °f the principal of Shakefpeare's a <3ers. til k jubilee-race on Friday afforded c h diverfion to the lovers of the turf, j n ° ü ßh the horfes were almoft knee-deep Water. The cup was won by Mr Mm» S rown colt Whirligig, beating \ r ett 'plaCe*s bay colt, Pompillion, Mr C c tioi)' a g re y co | t Lofcy, and Mr King's y coit. Gentleman's Magazine. J. give our readers as particular and BUthentic an account of the Jubilee V, t i tr / ? , fr )r d as poflible, we have procured, tr a J? '°nie folicitation, the following ex- «J 0n t °f a letter to a gentleman in Lon- Sept. 13. 1769 — 1 o'clock morning. Mfo When I left London, I promifed tuj ar °Bive yon " a full, true and parti- etUe . a^count >' , of my proceedings and *tt) p ria . ln ment at Stratford; — and as I ,k i|] K^ n 8 up to get one more fight of the irir» frious ftranger," who is now vifit- ®f a^V 1 " earth, after " the long journey th 0u "°u<and years," I fnatch this hour, Uf} ® n >ay not be the moft propitious, V ou no , other (hould be afforded me. — foj^ e 'remember the hour, and find 9re |iif r , a ' ns e*cufe for the egotifm you j . *'y to encounter. e,t this place on Toefday morning to r ' t al I might reach Stratford in time, ot^rn° nn °' tre before grand aftion *0ip at . erice d, with a beating heart and fo j> av Ctn e *peftation«,—fo jocund and r ' er id Y?' 3t are bimfelf, whom our old * "°<"<jce defcribes, as leaping atra Cru PPer of the fwifteft horfeman, c haif t Ure d not to get up behind the poft- *ov»n fin- 1 ' 0 * 1 carr ' ec ' me » — ar >d found.the i^phith' n ® — l^e wor k men at the .'tta ts lea,re very bufy ; —but the inha- -1,1 th e eit |ier purl'uing their occupations °W uog-trot way, or (taring with wonderful vacancy of phiz at the prepa- rations, the purpofe of which thev had very few ideas about. — The word ke, afforded them much (peculation, and Jew Bill, Jubilo, and Jwvilum, with e- qual no meaning. —A Banburv man in- deed, employed to carry thither a double bafs viol, (on which he was unable to play, but doubted not they would fhew him how when he got there), told them it was to be the celebration of the refurreftion of Shakefpeare.—The church, which is a large old edifice, appeared in (iatu qtio, except that the poet's buft on his monu- ment was fo loaded with branches of bays, which they called laurel, as to appear (i» milar only to the God Pan in an old pic- ture.— The town-hall, newly built in a very handfome though plain tafte, was ornamented with a copy of Gainfborough's admirable portrait of Garrick at one end, and a very good pi&ure of Shakefpea r e, in the attitude of infpiration, at the ow ther. — The great booth, or Shakefpeare's Hall, more generally called the Amphi- theatre, I found a truly elegant and tafte- ful room, of the fhape, but not quite fo large as Ranelagh, — fupported by a co- lonnade of the Corinthian order, diftant about ten feet from the fides, and having a chandelier of eight hundred lights hang- ing from the centre of the roof *. In the evening, after eating a Jubilee chicken at Peyton's, I retired to my lodging to prepare for the fatigues Of the enfuing campaign. — And having given you fome account of the field, you will not be at a lofs come into the heat of action. I rofe earlv in the morning, though not in time for the ferenading, and got to the breakfafting in the town-hall at nine.—The five windows were, on this occafion, filled with paintings of tranfpa- rent (ilk, of Lear, Falftaff, Piftol, Cali- ban, and the Genius of Shakefpeare, in a good ftyle; which, with the fifes and drums plaving favourite marches before the front of the hall, had a prodigious effeft. —At eleven we adjourned to th 6 church, where the oratorio of Judith was admirably performed, and met with uni- versal applaufe. —At three the whole company marched to the great booth. —- A very elegant dinner was ferved up be- fore four ;— I confefs, not in the moft precile order, for that was impolfible, as you may eafily conceive. — The ordinary with wine (of which I drank claret and madeira, both good) 10s. 6d. — After • This was afterwards omitted. 3 L 2 dinner, dinner, Lord Grofvenorpropofed a bumper to the Steward; — and Mr Garrick, (whofe behaviour exhibited the greatefl politenefs, with the truefl livelinefs and hilarity), another to the memory of the Bard ; to which was lubjoined three cheers, at the inftance of your humble fervant, ir.oft heartily. — The performers in the orcheflra then began the catches and glees, which were abfolutely infpiring, and the company joined in the chorus. The whole clofed with the old loyal fong of " God fave the King," when every voice was exerted. At feven the com- pany withdrew to prepare for the ball; which opened at nine, and ended about three; remarkable chiefly for the moft elegant minuet that I ever faw, or fhall Tee, by Mrs G and Mr . I came away with the reft, and devo- ted, in a bed, miferable in every parti- cular, but that it was clean, a few hours to peaceful oblivion. — So far the weather had favoured us; but on rifing in the morning to the breakfafting, as before, we were alarmed by a hateful drizzling rain, which continued till eleven, and obliged Mr Garrick to give notice, that the procefiion, on which he had bellowed fo much pains and expence, muft be de- ferred, but that the Ode fhould be per formed at twelve. — And here he did in- deed outdo all his former outdoing?, and furpafs the mod fanguine expeditions of his friends in the fublime. Surely the following lines are admirable. When Philip's fam'd unconquer'd fon, &c. [480.] tvJtlve lines, ending, his own. And his introduftion of Falflaff, accom- panied by all his power of voice, face, and gefture, compelled fuch applaufe as I never heard before ; his faying, that the fat knight is A comic wotld in one. And the world too is wicked and round, funely is genuine wit. I could dwell for ever on the Ode, which received every advantage that the greatefl: orator of the age, himfelf the author, could give. Nor fhould Dr Arne's incomparable tafte in the mufical parts of it he forgot, or the unexpeGed entertainment which Mr King's genuine humour, as amfcaflador from the fociety of the Macaroni, to the good folks Le Eas. But I am convinced, that, even in a per- fonal converfaticn, I fhall never be able to give you any competent idea of the .plcafure I felt in this performance : how vain then to attempt it by letter! four the public dinner was ferved up» followed by the fongs, <&c. as on the P ceding day, till feven ; — at nine the n re ' works were played off, notwith {landing the weather became ftill lefs propitious » — and at twelve began the malquerao c * My drefs confided of , a medal of Shakefpeare pendant, from fky-blue riband round my neck, an cockade of rainbow-coloured riband 1 # my hat: not a bad figure you will I*7' and I allure you I was well entertaiu e £ The characters which were miftaken, a ' forded me as much or more diverfion th a thofe which were kept up ; and many 0 them indeed would have been really/, well filled if they had been filled ftraw.— Surely a mafquerade taxes & abilities of mankind in general too hig But one failor out of fix could danc" hornpipe, and but one more box his pafs. — But one Oxford fcholar in could fpeak Greek; and not one told readily his name and college. — Not oI Jj conjurer informed me whether he cOLI tell my fortune beft by chiromancy or c toptromancy. — None of four farm e ,, knew 4< how a fcore of ewes fold nof and the harlequin was ftiff as a pokef. Two Slenders did I drive round the r<'° becaufe they had no Simple, and I Q two half-black and half-white men . the chimney-fweeper, that they look like magpies no longer. Some charadters were well filled. —An eX«j lent Lord Ogleby and a Jockey, j good a Dutch Skipper, and a Devil* many of the fancied dreUes were trLl fplendid and elegant. I got an ear of wheat from a f# e .L| Ceres, and a honeyfuckle from a beau 1 ' Flora, and kified each of their hand» teftimony of my devotion. —I had m l ' converfation with the three weird-/5' IC V ( . before I found that their mafus hid 1 ■ g three handfomeft faces in England, 1 Crewe, Mrs Bouverie, and Mrs PW * — I enjoyed the night prodigioufly i ced a dance or two mafked, many 1j f mafked, and retired, perfectly (atisn and unfatigued, between fix andfeven« had rained a deluge all night, and cof> nued to pour down, when I awak noon. There remained no hope 01 g pageant, which I gave up without j complaint, excellent and fplendid A ' knew it to be, and ftepped again into c poft-chaife I had retained, which k fo , [,|< me to a quiet houfe and a c d under its hofpitable roof. — Our amounted, by my guefs, to about breakfalting*; to 1500 at the din- >"ad S ' at oratorio, ball, and mafque- e > to about 2000. My good fortune _ v igilance procured me the beft ac- comodations at each; ifo that I felt incumbrance from the croud; nor 1 a * there much felt upon the whole, I e 'ieve. letter from JAMES Bosweli., Efq; ow me, amongft many others, to S t defcribe Shakefpeare's Jubilee at floatf°rd-upon-Avon.0 at f°rd-upon-Avon. Upon fuch occa- it is exceedingly difficult for thofe * ]v, are P r efent, to convey to people at 'fiance a jult account of what is going There are few whofe heads are Cf^ n 8 enough to be in the midft of gay 'P an y and a variety of entertainments, a j. h °ut having their fpirits put'into fuch Hi ® rni entation, as to be incapable of fet- tir 8 to write; and they who can in thefe o f. Cu roftances be quite calm, and matters f t 'etnfelves, are for the moft part of f rQi ' n 8 8 fo dull, that we cannot expeft P'flu a heavy and inanimate to*r° r own P art ' * am now returned ter L n .^ on » * flatter myfelf, that, af- 1k e ' n g agitated as much as any body, «n 3Ve r . ecover ed m 7 tranquillity, and am St, Edition to give you a few remarks ty.. l '»is celebrated jubilee of genius, at lc h I am perfuaded will engage the i(] ® n . tion » not only of all ranks of this tvp" ' ut t ' ie Earned and ingenious in S t r - v Part of Europe. For what was the atljj or d Jubilee ? Not a piece of farce r ' 10 domontade, as many of the envi- CS our CIUS attempted to l ru j e u» believe; but an elegant and of - v c laffical celebration of the memory "akefpeare, that illuflrious poet, h as p all ages will admire, as the world tjq u "fherto done. It was truly an an- tUtee 'dea, a Grecian thouoht, to infti- b ar( j 4 Splendid feltival in honour of a 1 ' My bofom glowed with joy when Pan v r' a numerous ar >d brilliant com- th e 1 r nobility and gentry, the rich, fetfti , rave » the witty, and the fair, af- sh a L , to P a y their tribute of praife to veare. Nor could I help thinking, y at the fame time paid a very to Mr Garrick, the l ' ,e Jubilee, who has done fo Wj t L to niake our nation acquainted "C inefttmable riches of their own ftage, in pofieffing fo illuftrious a drama- tic author, with fuch amazing vaiiety and wonderful excellence, asSbakefpeare. Garrick may be called the colourift of Shakefpeare's foul. He Dame Nature's pencil dole, Juft where old Shakefpeare dropt it. [488.] Let conceited and difappointed authors and players vent their fpleen again ft him, he may afliire himfelf that his fame will laft for ever. • The morning of the firft day was ti- ttered in with a pleafing ferenade by the beft muficians from London in difguife. The Jubilee began with an oratorio in the great church at Stratford ; the fub- je<3 the ftory pf Judith; the words by Mr BickerftafF; the mufic by Dr Ame. It was a grand and admirable perform- ance. But I could have wifhed that prayers had been read, and a fhort fer- mon preached. It would have confecra- ted our Jubilee to begin it with devotion, with gratefully adoring the Supreme Fa- ther of all fpirits, from whom cometh e- very good and perfect gift. The procef- fion with mufic from the church to the ampitheatre, led on by Mr Garrick, had a very good efteft. The ampitheatre was a wooden building, erefted juft on the brink of the Avon, in the form of an oftagon, with eight pillars fupporting the roof. It w*s elegantly painted and gilded. Between the pillars were crim- fon curtains, very well imitated as hang, ing over each recefs. In this ampithea- tre was a large orcheflra, placed as it u- fed to be formerly in Ranelagh. Here the company dined exceedingly well be- tween three and four. Between five and fix the mufical performers appeared, and entertained us with feveral of the fongs in Shakefpeare's Garland compofed for the occafion : Sweet Willy 0 [488."], ten- der and pathetic; The Mulberry tree, of which the chorus is very fine; IVanvick- Jbire [487.3, a ballad, of great meriC in its kind, lively, fpirited, full of witty turns, and even delicate fancies. Mr Garrick's words, and Mr Dibden's mufic, went charmingly together, and we ail joined in the chorus. I (hail not follow a regular method ot narrating the ptoceediutjs exafllv, but juft mention what made imprcHion upon myfelf: that is the beft rule for every man to follow, if he wi(hes to entertain. The performance of the Dedication- Ode was noble and aflefling: it was like an an exhibition in Athens or Rome. The whole andienre were fixed in the molt earnefl attention ; and I do believe, that if one had attempted to didurb the per formance, he would have been in danger of h'l3 life. Garrick in the front of the orcheftra, filled with the firft muficians of the nation, with Dr Arne at their bead, and infpired with an awful eleva- tion of foul, while he looked from time to time at the venerable ftatue of Shake* fpeare, appeared more than himlelf. While be repeated the ode, and faw the various pafiions and feelings which it con- tains fully transfuled into all around him, be feemed in ecltafy, and gave us the i- deaof a mortal transformed into a demi- god, as we read in the Pagan mythology. I can vvitnefs from my own hearing what did great honour to Lord Grofve- nor, as well as to Mr Garrick : After the Ode, his Lordfhip came up to the orche- ftra, and told Mr Garrick, that he had afte&ed his whole frame, {hewing him bis veins and nerves ftill quivering with agitation. What truly delighted me, was to obferve the warm (incerity of Mr Garrick's enthufiafm for his immortal bard throughout the whole fuite of entertain- ments. While the fongs were finging, be was all life and fpirit, joining in the chorus, and hurrouring every part with bis expreffive looks and geftures. When he fung, There never was feen fuch a creature, See. "Warwickfliire thief, He'* the chief, The thief of all thieves, &c. [487.] bis eyes fparkled with joy; and the tri- umph of his countenance at lome parts of the Ode, its at others, and in- imitable lly humour at others, cannot be defcribed. I know not whether it may be a compliment to Mr Garrick, but I iriuft fay, that his Ode greatly exceeded my expectations. I knew his talents for little fportive (allies, but I feared, that a Dedication-Ode for Shakefpeare was a- bove his powers. What the critics may fay of this performance, I know nut; but I lhall never be induced to waver in my opinion of it. I am fenfible of its de- feats; but, upon the whole, I think it a work of confiderable merit, well luited to the occafion, by the variety of its fub- jeflsf and containing both poetical force and elegance. It would be unpardonable iliould I omit acknowledging the pleafure which I received from Dr Artie's mufic, which was truly fine; nor mull I neg' e .. thanking the whole orcheftra for th el execution. As a number of letters have appea concerning this famous Jubilee, I willi to avoid repetition; I would j not to go over the fame ground with thers, though perhaps it may be with o- fcription, as it is with farming, whe r ' different perfons going over the . ground will make it have a very differ*', appearance, juft from their different thods of drelling it. When the Ode finilhed, Mr Garrick made a very addrels to us in prole, modeflly exp fC fing how much he thought himfelf j qual to the tafk he had undertaken ; af[ , alluring us, that he found it quite ther thing to fpeak in public fuppo rtf _j by the great genius of Shakefpeare, f fo t what he found it to fpeak in public ported only by bis own feeble but he hoped we would fhew him 1 , fame kind indulgence as is ufually j to thofe unfortunate gentleitien who pear for the firft time in a character, epilogue to the ladies was very li* e || and very w#ll exprefled. I hope he favour us with it in print. When ™ g Garrick had done, he invited any of company to fpeak, if they were fo di'P _ fed. Upon which Mr King, the co' 1 ' dian, got up to the orcheftra, and lis a fmart ironical attack upon Sh fpeare, in the charafter of a modern * e . ned man of tafte. Titis might have very well on fome other occafion; " $ in my opinion, it had better have b* omitted at this noble feftival : it (t trafted from its dignity ; nor was t' l , any occafion for it. We were all elst [' 3t j fiailic admirers of Shakefpeare; we p . not time to think of his cavilling c _ r,t ' ;o fl we were filled with glowing admir at of our immortal bard ; and the levity j the fine gentleman difturbed the tone our minds. I mull, be forgiven too obferving, that this exhibition looke j * like a trap laid on purpofe, that it pleafed me; and I was angry to finH notice taken of the venomous infers * r $ have (hot their flings in the news-p a P 3 , againft the jubilee, and f , gainft Mr Garrick. It had the ance of a forenefs unworthy of our High Steward. If the gnats at any v $ llightly pierce his (kin, let him jgj', little of the oil of good-humoured P fan try upon the place, and give h"' 1 no farther trouble. This is my r« cC . j foU 11 U 0n ex P er ' ence * Probatum ejl. I a nd ~do to Tom. King, t ' iat P' a y ed his P drt ex * Julj ] ln ß'y well. I got acquainted at the fo u j e . w 'th this ingenious comedian, and fiio ' I ' m a genteel, agreeable compa- lipj 1 * an d for all the Alining of his brafs * p• n the ftage, a very modeft man in j a te fociety. Mi u P r '^ ed » that your corefpondents, fir«° e juftly praifed M>" Angelo's tn r w ° r ks, have not mentioned the pic- th,^ es ° n the banks of the Avon, fronting >j n a arn phitheatre. There we beheld ij( ® leading Shakefpeare to immorta- Or) *^ ra gedy on one fide, and Comedy of J? e other, copied from the fine ideas Pis r J°"iua Reynolds. Behind thefe were placed a number.of lamps, f>a r gave them a mod beautiful tranf- N ft enc y. # In the fame ftyle were five, ha|j , r ** ' n the windows of the town- 3tn»" In t ' ie middle Shakefpeare, in the ,tu de of exclaiming, % ! for a mufe of fire! 11 tli • " e windows on one fide of him Lear the r S a "'han : on the windows on the o- r J o ' lo FalllafF and Ancient Of In the fame flyle too was a piece the n *' n g hung before the windows of 0111 w^ere Shakefpeare was bom, the , nt ing the fun breaking through Tr|| 0 C ° u ds. In this room was L>dged Mr felle^ 88 Becket, of London, grand book- tio(1 r to th e jubilee. Whether infpira- ti,>P oe tical hath impregnated his mind, > J e muft determine. in Cc ac * a ferene and folemn fdtisfaflion the church in which itig e 'P e are lies. It is a large old build- °r a )as een a cathedral, fo 4 c „ urc , h belonging to fome religious Hi c u'• f° r it has a regular choir, in is a *he bard repofes. His grave-ftone floo r .°? d deal funk below the level of the to jj/ but no body will ever put a hand rs » tor his epitaph is, ►i°od t- b 0 <11 r '? nd <' J e^us ' a^e » forbear ft if i enc 'o^ e d here. *U t c Ur e ., e that fpares thefe ftones, r t be he that moves my bones. °f his grave fome pious hands a Ur e |' aced a garland of flowers, bays, 6r e other evergreens ; and there *he feftoons of evergreens put on ° nument which is ere&ed on the n 2ft Drury's fons he comes, and fliines ""Ji* CItVRQHIH.. wall next his grave. The monument ic not very excellent. The warlike mufic of the Warwick- (hire militia, and the difcharge of artil- lery, added confiderably to the grandeur of our jubilee. We all wore, hung in a blue riband at our breads, a medal of Shakefpeare, very well cart by Mr Weftwood of Birming- ham. On one fide was the head of Shakefpeare, and round it this inferip- tion, 44 We (hall not look upon his like again;" and on the reverie, 44 JUBILEE at Stratford, in honour and to the me- mory of Shakespeare, September 1769, D. G. Steward."—We aifo wore favours, called Shakcfpeare's favours. Ladies, gen- tlemen, even fervants and peafants, wore them. Every human being bad, or feem- ed to have, an idea of the claflical fefti- val. Tafte beamed a ray on the lively and the ftupid ; on thofe who felt it, and on thofe who felt it not. The very fliop- bills upon this occafion wete pieces of genius: Mr Jackfon, from Tavillock- ftreet, London, gave about the following one. 44 Shakespeare's Jubilee. A ri* band has been maJe on purpofe at Co- ventry, called the Shakefpeare Riband, It is in imitation of the rainbow, which uniting the colours of all parties, is like- wife arT emblem of the great variety of his genius: Each change of many-colour'd life he drew, Johnson." I dare fay Mr Samuel Johnfon never imagined that this fine verfe of his would appear on a bill to promote the fale of ribands. Since I have mentioned this illuflrious author, I cannot but regret that he did not honour Shakefpeare's jubilee with his prefence, which would have added much dignity to our meeting. The mafquerade-ball was one of the befl: that ha 3 been in Britain. There were many very rich, elegant, and cu- rious drefles, many beautiful women, and fome charafters well fupported. All the papers have already been pretty full on this fubjeft, fo I need fay little; only I mull obferve, that a maiquerade is an entertainment which does not feem much luited to the genius of the Britifh na- tion. In warmer countries, where the people have a great flow of fpirits, and a readinefs at repartee, a mafquerade is exceedingly agreeable ; but the referve and and taciturnity which is obfervable a- roongft us, makes us appear aukward and embarrafled in feigned chara&ers. Many of our Stratford malks feemed angry when one accofted them. The rate at the jubilee was neither better nor worfe than other races: nor indeed could it be expefled to be any how extraordinary, except, as an inge- nious lady obferved, we could have pro- cured a race of Pegalufes in honour of our poet. It was much to be regretted, that bad weather prevented us from having the pageant, upon which Mr Garrick had beftowed fo much time in contriving, and fo much expence in furnifhing. It was to have been a proceffion of allegorical beings, with the mod diftinguifhed cha- rafters of Shakefpeare\s plays, with their proper dreflfes, triumphal cars, and all other kinds of machinery. But the hea- vy rains made it impoflible to have this exhibited, without deftroying the valua- ble drefles, and endangering the ftill more valuable health of the fair performers, ■who might have been rendered incapable •f appearing in public for a whole fea- ion, perhaps for life. Nature feemed to frown on a jubilee in honour of the thief who had 44 robbed her of all file was worth." But as no cod has been fpared on this pageant, I hope Mr Garrick will entertain ns with it in the comfortable regions of Drury-lane, Much noife has been made about the high price of every thing at Stratford. I own I cannot agree that fuch cenfures are juft. It was reafonable that Shake- Ipeare's townfmcn fhould partake of the jubilee as well as we ftranpers did ; they as a jubilee of profit, we of pleafure. As it lafted but for a few nights, a guinea a- night for a bed was not impofition. No body was tinderftood to come there who had not plenty of money. Towards the end «>f the jubilee many of us were not in very good humour, as many inconvenien- cies occurred ; particularly, there rot being carriages enough to take us away but in detachments, fo that thofe who had to wait long, tired exceedingly. I laughed away fpleen by a droll fimile : Taking the whole of this jubilee, faid I, is like eating an artichoke entire. We have fome fine mouthful;* but alfo fwal- low the leaves and the hair, which are confoundedly difficult of digellion. After all, however, I am highly fatisfied with my artichoke, To conclude as I began,—l wil' \ ways be of opinion, that Shakefpe 3l ! jubilee at Stratford-upon-Avon is a n ' t() ftitution which does honour, not only our immortal bard, but to all who h® , contributed towards it; and I hope to\ every feven years it fhall be celeb l " 3 with equal ardour of enthufiafm as it ll been in 1769.——1 am, <bc. James BosvrS^' Mr Urban, Sept. 17^ A S the creatures are made as well the contemplation as the ufe of ' lia J and in them, as in a mirror, mu<"h the wifdom, and goodnefs, and * of the great and beneficent creator, be difcovered by the rational and in tc gent naturalift, no one particular, trivial foever it may feem, can be neath his inquiry. I lhall make fore no further apology for propofing following article relative to the Frogt y the difculfion of your phyfical correfp ents; and the rather, becaufe our later naturalifts, Dr Brookes in P*., ticular, have omitted it, as probably ving no credit to it, in their defcrip l ' 0 of this animal. -j Having heard it obferved, that « r ®j ( at this time of the year have no mof 1 I caufed a good large one to be the 6th of this inftant September; found, that the chaps, or at leait two membranes that cover them iP . nature of lips, were fo fart clofed, they could not eafily he forced open one's finger, nor by the head of a P $ This is a fadl; and Topfell, I find, noted it many years ago. For he wr ' Al i' lib. 2. p. 180. " In the month of guff, they [Frogs] never open 'V mouthf, either to take in meat or on t or to utter any voice ; and their c are (o faft joined, or clofed together, you can liardly open them with yo° r ger, or with a ftick." \,e Efteeming this appearance then an undoubted matter of fadt, I glad to know, 1. What particular pofe this temporary clofing of the (f mal's mouth can ferve ; 2. By what P ticuiar means it is eifedted; and, 3" j,e what precife time, as near as c a " known, the mouth begins annua^ v^ g \\ dole, and afterwards to re-open. T°f(cd fays it '13 in Auguft, and I found it very fecureiy the 6th of September. * / am, rr-