The number of forcibly displaced persons in the world reached its highest level, climbing to 68.5 million in 2017, according to a June 2018 report issued by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). More people have been displaced during the second decade of the twenty-first century than were displaced following World War II (1939–1945). Of that number, 40 million are internally displaced persons, 25.4 million are refugees, and 3.1 million are asylum-seekers. The UNHCR, a United Nations (UN) agency that works to help, protect, and resettle such individuals, also reports that more than half of all refugees are under eighteen years old. The main drivers of displacement are war or violent conflict; economic hardship; natural disasters and climate...

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