Title IX

Title IX prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex for all educational programs and activities that receive funding through the Federal Student Aid program and other federal assistance programs. Title IX was implemented as a key civil rights statute within the Education Amendments Act of 1972 to address widespread gender disparities in academic programs and extracurricular offerings at educational institutions, since protections against sexual discrimination within academic institutions were not incorporated under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. When the principal author and sponsor of the legislation, Hawaii Congresswoman Patsy T. Mink, passed away in 2002, Title IX was officially renamed the Patsy T. Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act in her honor. Academic institutions covered under...

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