Criminal Justice

The criminal justice system in the United States is a combination of the laws against criminal behavior and the institutions that enforce those laws. Such institutions include law enforcement, the courts (including prosecutors and defense attorneys), and correctional programs and facilities. The purpose of the criminal justice system is to deter and control crime. Whether or not the laws and institutions are successful at deterring and controlling crime is an issue of much controversy and dispute, and criticism of the US criminal justice system comes from many different perspectives. Whereas federal law is the same throughout the United States, laws defining criminal behavior vary widely among states and local municipalities. For example, in the cities of Butte, Montana, and New...

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