Syria

QUICK FACTS

Syrian Arab Republic
Al-Jumhuriyah al-‘Arabiyah as-Suriyah CAPITAL: Damascus (Dimashq) FLAG: The national flag is a horizontal tricolor of red, white, and black stripes; in the white center stripe are two green five-pointed stars. ANTHEM: Humat ad-Diyar (Guardians of the Homeland) MONETARY UNIT: The Syrian Pound (SYP) is a paper currency of 100 piastres. Frequently used coins are 1, 2, 5, 10, and 25 Syrian pounds. Frequently used banknotes are of 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 200, 500, and 1,000 Syrian pounds. SYP 1 = US$0.00467290 ($1 = SYP 214) as of September 2016. WEIGHTS AND MEASURES: The metric system is the legal standard. HOLIDAYS: New Year's Day, 1 January; Revolution Day, 8 March; Independence Day, 17 April; Labor Day,...

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More Quick Facts

  • Syria
  • Continent

    • Middle East
  • Capital City

    • Damascus, Syria
  • Population

    • 18,028,549 (July 2017 est.)
  • Language(s)

    • French;
    • Circassian languages;
    • Arabic;
    • English;
    • Kurdish;
    • Armenian;
    • Northern Kurdish;
    • Standard Arabic;
    • Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic;
    • Mesopotamian Arabic;
    • Najdi Arabic;
    • North Levantine Arabic;
    • North Mesopotamian Arabic;
    • Assyrian Neo-Aramaic;
    • Western Neo-Aramaic;
    • Kabardian;
    • Adyghe
  • Long Name

    • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Type of Government

    • One-party state
  • Currency

    • SYP Syrian Pound
  • GDP (PPP) in U.S.$

    • $1,860 (2007)
  • Area

    • 71,498 mi²
    • (185,180 km²)
  • Average Life Expectancy

    • 75.1 (2017 est.)
  • Literacy Rate

    • 86.4% (2015 est.)

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