Jim Crow Laws

Jim Crow laws were passed in the American South after the Civil War (1861–1865) to limit rights and opportunities for African Americans and to keep them separate from white people in society. The laws kept former slaves in an inferior social, financial, and legal position. The laws established a segregated society that lasted for nearly a century by requiring separate public facilities, education, housing, transportation, churches, and cemeteries for African Americans. The laws usually stipulated completely separate buildings, designated rooms, or a solid partition to divide the areas meant for whites and African Americans. Even prisons and juvenile delinquent facilities were segregated. The laws also prohibited intermarriage and cohabitation by people of different races. Throughout the South, signs reading “Whites...

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