Recent studies reveal that N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptors are more complex than previously thought. It appears that NMDA receptor subunits have amino acid sequences that are highly similar to those of ligand-gated ion channels. This suggests that these two possess common structural patterns. The activity of NMDA receptors are regulated by allosteric mechanisms as well as several second messenger systems and interactions with the cytoskeleton.
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