Abandono y malestar psicologico en ex-miembros de grupos sectarios

Citation metadata

Authors: Carmen Almendros, Jose Antonio Carrobles, Alvaro Rodriguez-Carballeira and Manuel Gamez-Guadix
Date: May 2009
From: Behavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual(Vol. 17, Issue 2)
Publisher: Fundacion VECA, Asociacion Psicologia Iberoamericana de Clinica y Salud
Document Type: Report
Length: 8,627 words
Abstract :

Muchos ex-miembros de grupos sectarios perciben que fueron objeto de abuso psicologico durante su vinculacion (Chambers, Langone, Dole y Grice, 1994) y se ha informado de la existencia de dificultades psicologicas en personas que abandonan estos grupos (Aronoff, Lynn y Malinoski, 2000). Se ha argumentado que la evaluacion de su antigua experiencia sectaria estaria negativamente sesgada debido bien a la influencia de organizaciones de educacion sobre sectas, o en funcion del metodo de abandono (Lewis, 1986; Solomon, 1981). El presente estudio examina las percepciones de 101 ex-miembros de grupos sectarios acerca de los motivos que condujeron a su abandono, asi como el malestar psicologico posterior. La mayoria de nuestros participantes abandonaron por reflexion personal, sin intervencion externa y consideraron la desilusion como el factor mas importante. Los resultados no mostraron discrepancias entre los participantes que habian recabado apoyo de asociaciones y los que no, o entre los participantes que abandonaron el grupo fruto de la reflexion personal o tras ser asesorados en los motivos de desvinculacion, en sus percepciones de abuso psicologico o en sus niveles de malestar psicologico. PALABRAS CLAVE: sectas, nuevos movimientos religiosos, desafiliacion sectaria, metodo de abandono. Many former cult members perceive themselves to have been psychologically abused during their cult involvement (Chambers, Langone, Dole y Grice, 1994); adjustment and psychological difficulties after leaving a cult also have been documented (Aronoff, Lynn y Malinoski, 2000). It has been argued that those evaluations of former cult experiences are negatively biased, either because of the influence of contact with cult-awareness organizations or the method of cult disaffiliation (Lewis, 1986; Solomon, 1981). The present study examines the perceptions of a Spanish sample of 101 former members of cultic groups about their motives to leave them, as well as to examine their psychological distress. The majority of our participants walked away from their groups without outside assistance and considered disillusion as the most important factor. Results showed no discrepancies either between participants whether or not they had contact with cult awareness resources, or between participants who walked away from their groups and those who left because of outside intervention on their reasons for leaving, perceptions regarding the psychological abusiveness of their past groups or levels of psychological distress. KEY WORDS: cults, new religious movements, cult disaffiliation, method of exit.

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Source Citation

Source Citation
Almendros, Carmen, et al. "Abandono y malestar psicologico en ex-miembros de grupos sectarios." Behavioral Psychology/Psicologia Conductual, vol. 17, no. 2, 2009, p. 181+. Accessed 6 Apr. 2020.
  

Gale Document Number: GALE|A314254932