Relations between depression and PTSB and perceived social support in female child victims of incest/ Ensest kurbani kiz cocuklarindaki depresyon ve TSSB ile algilanan sosyal destek iliskisi

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Authors: Seher Akbas, Berna Aydin, Cihad Dundar and Ahmet Turla
Date: Aug. 2016
From: Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi(Vol. 17, Issue 4)
Publisher: Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi
Document Type: Article
Length: 4,416 words
Abstract :

Objective: This study investigated the association between psychological stress and perceived social support by examining the source of perceived social support (family, peers or teachers). Methods: Female victims of incest subjected to sexual abuse aged 9-18 years (n=31) and a control group consisting of age- and gender-matched girls with no history of psychological trauma were enrolled. All participants completed the Child Depression Inventory, Child Post-traumatic Stress Reaction Index and Perceived Social Support Scale-Revised. Results: The results showed that post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression symptoms in victims of decreased significantly as perceived social support scores increased. Although the social support that incest victims perceived from families was significantly lower, perceived social support from families nevertheless significantly reduced symptoms of both depression and PTSD. No significant correlation was determined between perceived support from peers and psychological symptoms, while perceived social support from teachers reduced symptoms of PTSD. Discussion: Endeavors aimed at better understanding the interaction between sources of social support and psychological impact in incest experienced by children are important in terms of guiding preventive measures and treatment. Keywords: child, sexual abuse, incest, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, perceived social support Amac: Bu calismada ensest kurbanlarinda, algilanan sosyal destegin geldigi kaynak (aile, arkadas, ogretmen) goz onune alinarak, ruhsal etkilenme ile algilanan sosyal destek arasindaki iliski incelenmistir. Yontem: Dokuz-on sekiz yas araligindaki cinsel istismara ugramis ensest kurbani kiz cocuklar (s=31) ile yas ve cinsiyet acisindan eslestirilmis saglikli kiz cocuklari kontrol grubu olarak alinmistir. Tum katilimcilar Cocuklar icin Depresyon Olcegi, Cocuklar icin Travma Sonrasi Stres Tepki Olcegi ve Algilanan Sosyal Destek Olceginin revize edilmis formunu doldurmuslardir. Sonuclar: Calismamizda ensest kurbanlarinda algilanan sosyal destek toplam puanlari arttikca, travma sonrasi stres bozuklugu (TSSB) ve depresyon belirtilerinin anlamli olarak azaldigi saptanmistir. Ensest kurbanlarinin ailelerinden algiladiklari sosyal destegin anlamli olarak daha dusuk olmasina ragmen, ailelerinden algiladiklari sosyal destegin hem depresyon, hem de TSSB belirtilerini anlamli olarak azalttigi gorulmustur. Arkadaslarindan algilanan sosyal destek ile ruhsal belirtiler arasinda anlamli bir iliski bulunmazken, ogretmenlerinden algilanan sosyal destegin TSSB belirtilerini azalttigi bulunmustur. Tartisma: Cocuklarin yasadigi ensestte, sosyal destek kaynaklari ile ruhsal etkilenme arasindaki iliskiyi daha iyi anlama cabasi, koruyucu onlemler ve tedavide yonlendirici olmasi bakimindan onemlidir. Anahtar sozcukler: Cocuk, cinsel istismar, ensest, depresyon, travma sonrasi stres bozuklugu, algilanan sosyal destek

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Source Citation
Akbas, Seher, et al. "Relations between depression and PTSB and perceived social support in female child victims of incest/ Ensest kurbani kiz cocuklarindaki depresyon ve TSSB ile algilanan sosyal destek iliskisi." Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi, vol. 17, no. 4, 2016, p. 300+. Accessed 7 June 2020.
  

Gale Document Number: GALE|A558814674