The socio-environmental quality of rural settlements in Rio Grande do Norte State, Northeastern Brazil/A qualidade socioambiental em assentamentos rurais do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil

Citation metadata

Authors: Kilvia Kalidia Sales de Lima and Priscila Fabiana Macedo Lopes
Date: Dec. 2012
From: Ciencia Rural(Vol. 42, Issue 12)
Publisher: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
Document Type: Article
Length: 3,926 words

Main content

Abstract :

The Brazilian land reform is a possible strategy to reduce poverty and increase social equality, but it depends on efficient public policies capable of making the peasants self-sustainable. With the goal of presenting the main socio-economic challenges of 33 rural settlements of former landless peasants in Rio Grande do Norte State (Northeastern Brazil), we evaluated socio, economic and environmental aspects of 631 families from these settlements and 16 "Restoration Plan for Degraded Areas" (PRAD), prepared between 2007 and 2010. The emancipation of a settlement, measured through income generation, schooling level, and changes in people's environmental habits, was not related to the age of the settlement. Also, the income of a settlement is hardly dependent on agriculture, being mostly affected by distance from urban centers, number of retired people in the household and participation in social programs. Low schooling level and aging of the settlement are determinant factors in the increase of deforestation of Legal Reserves and Areas of Permanent Protection. These data suggest than land reform is still deficient in the Brazilian northeast; it does not prioritize the socio-economic independence of the settlements and ignore their environmental situation. Key words: public policies, land reform, forest law, socioecological indicators. O processo de Reforma Agraria e oferecido como uma possivel estrategia para reducao da pobreza e aumento da equidade social, mas depende de politicas publicas eficientes, tornando os agricultores beneficiados auto-sustentaveis. Objetivando apresentar as principais problematicas socioambientais de 33 assentamentos rurais do Rio Grande do Norte (nordeste brasileiro), foram avaliados aspectos sociais, economicos e ambientais de 631 familias desses assentamentos e de 16 relatorios PRAD (Plano de Recuperacao de Areas Degradadas) do periodo de 2007 a 2010. Observou-se que a emancipacao de um assentamento, medida atraves da geracao de renda, grau de escolaridade e mudancas de habitos ambientais, nao esta ligada ao seu tempo de fundacao, e que a sua renda pouco depende da agricultura, sendo afetada principalmente pela proximidade de centros urbanos, pelo numero de aposentados na familia e pela participacao em programas sociais. Os dados ambientais apontam o baixo nivel de escolaridade e a maior idade dos assentamentos como fatores determinantes para o aumento da degradacao das Reservas Legais e Areas de Protecao Permanentes. Esses dados sugerem que o processo de Reforma Agraria ainda e deficiente na regiao nordeste, nao priorizando a independencia social dos assentamentos e ignorando a sua tematica ambiental. Palavras-chave: politicas publicas, reforma agraria, codigo florestal, indicadores socioecologicos.

Source Citation

Source Citation
de Lima, Kilvia Kalidia Sales, and Priscila Fabiana Macedo Lopes. "The socio-environmental quality of rural settlements in Rio Grande do Norte State, Northeastern Brazil/A qualidade socioambiental em assentamentos rurais do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil." Ciencia Rural, vol. 42, no. 12, 2012, p. 2295+. Accessed 24 June 2021.
  

Gale Document Number: GALE|A441769747