Genetic engineering is the process of altering the genetic code of an organism to modify the traits carried in that code. The study of genetics and the discovery of how traits are passed down through generations was pioneered by the Austrian botanist Gregor Mendel (1822–1884) in the nineteenth century. By building upon Mendel’s ideas and the work of many later researchers, modern scientists have discovered the exact mechanisms by which genetic traits are stored and represented.
Modern science has discovered how to manipulate genetic codes by splicing traits from one organism into another, allowing geneticists to change the traits of an organism. Some scientists are hopeful about these developments, arguing that they could be used to create larger and more...Read more